What were the positive and negative effects of the encomienda system for both the Spanish and the native Amerindians?
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Most of the positives of this system were on the Spanish side. The encomienda system allowed the Conquistadors to get rewarded for their role in conquering New Spain. It also was a good way of extracting wealth from the land. It hurt the Spanish overall, to some extent, by making it harder to attract lots of Spanish to colonize.
For the Indians, the results were mostly negative as they were often abused and exploited. The main arguments in favor of the system are that the encomenderos treated "their" Indians better than the Crown treated theirs.
The encomienda was a disguised form of slavery practiced by the Spaniards in their colonies.... Read more here
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