What were the major differences between the Minoan civilization and the Mycenaean civilization?
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Minoan civilization differed from Mycenaean in several ways.
The first major difference was language. The Mycenaeans spoke a version of Greek, written in a syllabary called Linear B. The Minoan language is unknown. Minoan writings have been found in two forms, a hieroglyphic script (most famously used on the Phaistos disk) and a later script called Linear A. Neither of the two Minoan scripts have been deciphered. Linear B tablets appear in Crete dating after 1500 BC in Knossos, suggesting Mycenaean conquest or administrative takeover.
Next, the Minoans appear more artistically and architecturally sophisticated than the Mycenaeans, with stunning frescoes and other art works. Much of Mycenaean art looks almost imitative of Minoan.
Next, Crete was a sea power and the mainland a land power. Minoan cities were not walled by Mycenaean ones were.
Finally, there were significant religious differences. The "bull-jumping", for example, which seems an important part of Minoan religious iconography is not present on the mainland.
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