What were the main factors that led to the rise of industrialization in the U.S. in the late 1800s?
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American industry grew in the late 19th century due to several factors. One was the Westward Expansion of the nation, facilitating the growth of railroads that allowed the country's markets to be interlinked with one another, allowing transport, trade, and business growth to emerge. Another reason why industry grew in this time period was due to technology and innovative ways to pry oil from the ground and develop steel at a low cost. The Bessemer process increased steel production, while oil tapping became a process that grew all over the nation. As inventions grew such as the telephone and typewriter, the nation was becoming larger and smaller simultaneously, allowing commerce to flourish in a manner that perpetuated economic growth for many. The assembly line method, introduced earlier in American History, became the model for more factories, increasing production and material acquisition. Finally, Ford's automobiles and the Wright Brothers' plane created a revolution in transportation that, once again, interlinked market centers. The influx of immigrants to America from Europe at the end of the century gave industrialists and willing and able labor pool that allowed greater wealth to be generated, as well.
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