What were the main differences between the Eastern and Western Roman empires?
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Before the "fall" of the Western Roman Empire, there were two major differences between the two halves of the empire. First, the West was a Latin civilization. In that part of the empire, Latin was spoken and Latin/Roman culture dominated. The East was essentially Greek in its language and in its culture. This difference extended to the second main difference, which was religion. The West was dominated by Roman Catholicism. By contrast, the East followed the Orthodox faith.
Distinctions between the two regions became more pronounced after the fall of the Western Empire. But the two parts of the empire were already growing apart even before Rome fell.
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