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What were the losses of the Six-Day War?

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princessr001 | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 7, 2013 at 4:58 AM via web

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What were the losses of the Six-Day War?

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kipling2448 | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted May 7, 2013 at 7:36 PM (Answer #1)

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In any war, all sides suffer losses, both in human lives and in financial expenditures associated with the conflict.  In the Six-Day of War, human losses affected every nation participating in the fighting.

Beyond that obvious observation, the more practical consideration is territory lost or gained.  Israel/Palestine is a relatively small region, sandwiched between Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Mediterranean Sea.  Prior to the war's initiation, Israel was considerably smaller than it was by the time a ceasefire was achieved.  Arab territories lost to Israel included:

-- Egypt's loss of the Sinai Peninsula, which it would get back from Israel following the signing of the 1978 Camp David Peace Accords;

-- Syria's loss of the Golan Heights, which Israel has annexed and which is today a sensitive issue given the Syrian Civil War's spread to that region;

-- Jordan's loss of the region known to Arabs as the West Bank (of the Jordan River) and to Israelis by the Biblical names Judea and Samaria; 

-- Palestinian's loss of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. [Note: one of the numerous contentious issues here involves the designation of the "West Bank," in terms of whether it was Jordanian or Palestinian. Complicating matters is the fact that Jordan has a majority Palestinian population (as opposed to the native Bedouin)]. The Gaza Strip, while overwhelmingly Palestinian in terms of population, was ruled by Egypt prior to the Six-Day War. Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005;

-- Lebanon technically did not lose territory to Israel as a result of the war. There is very small parcel of land called Shebaa Farms that the Lebanese and the Syrians claim belongs to Lebanon.  The United Nations recognizes Shebaa Farms as belonging to Syria.  By claiming it as part of Lebanon, Syria and its allies in Lebanon's government, including the militant Hezbollah organization, can give the impression of a continuing Israeli occupation of part of Lebanon -- a legacy of Israel's occupation from 1982 to 2000 of a strip of Southern Lebanon.  Such a claim enables Hezbollah to justify continued attacks against Israel.

Special mention should be made of the Old City of Jerusalem, which holds great religious importance for all Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Prior to the Six-Day War, the eastern half of Jerusalem was controlled by Jordan, which prohibited Jews from having access to the Western Wall, the holiest site in Judaism. Israeli military gains during the war included East Jerusalem, including the site containing both the Wall and the Dome of the Rock, the third holiest site in Islam.  Jerusalem's ultimate legal status remains probably the single most contentious issue in attempts at attaining a long-term peace agreement among the Palestinians and the Israelis, both of whom claim the city as their rightful capital.

These, then, represent the losses of the Six-Day War.

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princessr001 | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 8, 2013 at 2:00 AM (Answer #2)

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In any war, all sides suffer losses, both in human lives and in financial expenditures associated with the conflict.  In the Six-Day of War, human losses affected every nation participating in the fighting.

Beyond that obvious observation, the more practical consideration is territory lost or gained.  Israel/Palestine is a relatively small region, sandwiched between Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Mediterranean Sea.  Prior to the war's initiation, Israel was considerably smaller than it was by the time a ceasefire was achieved.  Arab territories lost to Israel included:

-- Egypt's loss of the Sinai Peninsula, which it would get back from Israel following the signing of the 1978 Camp David Peace Accords;

-- Syria's loss of the Golan Heights, which Israel has annexed and which is today a sensitive issue given the Syrian Civil War's spread to that region;

-- Jordan's loss of the region known to Arabs as the West Bank (of the Jordan River) and to Israelis by the Biblical names Judea and Samaria; 

-- Palestinian's loss of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. [Note: one of the numerous contentious issues here involves the designation of the "West Bank," in terms of whether it was Jordanian or Palestinian. Complicating matters is the fact that Jordan has a majority Palestinian population (as opposed to the native Bedouin)]. The Gaza Strip, while overwhelmingly Palestinian in terms of population, was ruled by Egypt prior to the Six-Day War. Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip in 2005;

-- Lebanon technically did not lose territory to Israel as a result of the war. There is very small parcel of land called Shebaa Farms that the Lebanese and the Syrians claim belongs to Lebanon.  The United Nations recognizes Shebaa Farms as belonging to Syria.  By claiming it as part of Lebanon, Syria and its allies in Lebanon's government, including the militant Hezbollah organization, can give the impression of a continuing Israeli occupation of part of Lebanon -- a legacy of Israel's occupation from 1982 to 2000 of a strip of Southern Lebanon.  Such a claim enables Hezbollah to justify continued attacks against Israel.

Special mention should be made of the Old City of Jerusalem, which holds great religious importance for all Jews, Christians, and Muslims. Prior to the Six-Day War, the eastern half of Jerusalem was controlled by Jordan, which prohibited Jews from having access to the Western Wall, the holiest site in Judaism. Israeli military gains during the war included East Jerusalem, including the site containing both the Wall and the Dome of the Rock, the third holiest site in Islam.  Jerusalem's ultimate legal status remains probably the single most contentious issue in attempts at attaining a long-term peace agreement among the Palestinians and the Israelis, both of whom claim the city as their rightful capital.

These, then, represent the losses of the Six-Day War.

Thank you very very much!!!! :D

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