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The Battle of Hastings took place on October 14, 1066. William the Conqueror, and his Norman fighters, defeated King Harold II of England. In fact, King Harold II was killed in battle on this day. William the Conqueror disputed the installation of Harold as King. William believed he should be King, based on Edward the Confessor promising to make William his heir. Edward had no progeny to pass the crown to. Some historians believe that Edward made this kingly promise to William the Conqueror.
One result of the Battle of Hastings was that it was the last time that a foreign power attacked England and won. This was the last foreign conquest of England. The battle was a significant defeat for the nation; it was never to be forgotten and the country learned a great lesson from it. To date, as mentioned, no foreign nation has ever trodden over the country since.
A second result of the Battle of Hastings is that it ended Anglo-Saxon rule in England. The battle imposed Norman rule over the country. A by-product, so-to-speak, of the conquest by the Normans is that the French language became the language of William's court. The French language melded with the Anglo-Saxon language and the result was English as we use it to today, with variations of course.
William the Conqueror kept some aspects of the Anglo-Saxon system that he believed was beneficial to the people; he did not dismantle everything after taking over in England. He also started a castle building project and was responsible for the building of the Tower of London.
William the Conqueror won and King Harold surrendered.
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