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There are two important differences between the New and Old Souths. First, there was of course the fact that the New South did not have slavery. Second, the New South had an economy that was starting to diversify. The Old South had been the Cotton Kingdom while the New South had more manufacturing.
The major parallel between the two has to do with racial attitudes and hierarchy. While slavery was no longer in existence, there was still deeply entrenched white supremacy. White landlords continued to dominate over black sharecroppers. Blacks were kept firmly subordinated to whites. In this way, the New South was not that different from the Old South.
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