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Jean-Jacques Rousseau's primary argument was that any government needed, first and foremost and always, to be responsive to the will of the people it governed. The particular type of government could vary as seemed most appropriate to the people of a particular country; he didn't necessarily feel that governments had to be democracies or any other one specific form. The critical element was that the government recognized and preserved the power of the citizens to express their opinions and wishes, and that the government would then act in accordance with those expressions from the people. This viewpoint became widely recognized as being a central argument in support of the development of new governments and styles of government in the late 1700's and beyond.
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