What was President George Washington's domestic policy and was it successful?
What did he accomplish in this area?
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President George Washington was keenly aware that any action he took as President would set a precedent for future administrations and conducted himself accordingly. An indication of the sensitivity he felt for this issue is that fact that although he wore a sword at his inauguration, he also wore a plain suit rather than a military uniform. The precedent: the Commander in Chief of U.S. Armed Forces would remain civilian. Since that time, no President has worn a uniform while in office.
Among his other accomplishments:
- Washington's appointment of Alexander Hamilton as Secretary of the Treasury was key in putting the U.S. on sound financial footing. Although a dispute arose between Hamilton and Jefferson over the establishment of the Bank of the U.S., Hamilton's policies were largely implemented and secured the financial success of the nation.
- When the House of Representatives demanded to see documents relating to the Jay Treaty, Washington refused, stating that the proper business of advice and consent on treaties belonged to the Senate alone. By so doing, he established the principle of Executive Privilege.
- Washington sent a large army under General Richard Henry Lee to put down the Whiskey Rebellion. The Rebellion collapsed as soon as Lee's troops appeared. Although Alexander Hamilton wished to set an example by having the leaders of the rebellion hanged, Washington pardoned all of them, rightly believing that severe punishment would have made healing difficult.
It is interesting to note that Washington did not wish a second term in office, and hoped to return to Mt. Vernon; however both Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson convinced him to serve again. Both men, although polar opposites in political opinion, believed Washington to be the only man capable of steering the new nation in the right direction.
George Washignton's Domestic Policy was very large, since he was tin charge of a brand new country. So I'll try to make it as simple as possible:
- under him in he departments of State, War, and Treasury were created
- the office of Attourney General was also created
- Congress sent 10 ammendents to him which became the Bill of Rights
- He supported the Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, and his Federalist polocies
- he appointed the first cabinet
- was able to convince congress to give him the power to fire executive Branch employees
- borrowed money to move to New York, the center of Government for America at the time
- created the separation between exutive and legislative branches
- created Juditial Branch by signing the First Juditial Act of 1789
- he chose the Cheif of Justice along with five associate justices, who were later approved by congress
I hope this helped! FYI I gathered information from three different websites, and I paraphrased and summarized, but I did follow the websites pretty closely. So please check my sources for credits or additional information
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