What was the Potsdam conference and what did it seek to accomplish?
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The Potsdam Conference was the last of the three conferences that were held in which the “Big Three” leaders of the main Allied powers met during World War II. This conference was held in Potsdam, Germany, in July and August of 1945. The main participants were Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, and Harry Truman of the United States (President Franklin Roosevelt having died in April of that year).
The main goal of the Potsdam Conference was to get the Allies to agree on how to set the world up after the end of the war. The major agreement that came out of the conference had to do with Germany. At the conference, the Allies agreed to break Germany up into occupation zones. Each zone was to be occupied by one of the Allies (France was also given a zone). The other major result of the conference was the Potsdam Declaration. This was a statement by the Allies that was transmitted to Japan informing the Japanese of the terms on which they were expected to surrender.
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