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The name of the Wright brothers' plane was the Flyer. A wood and fabric biplane (an airplane having two sets of wings, one above the other), the Flyer was originally used by the brothers as a glider. It measured 40 feet 4 inches (12 meters) from wing-tip to wing-tip. For their historic first flight, Wilbur (1867-1912) and Orville Wright (1871-1948) outfitted the Flyer with a four-cylinder, 12-horsepower gasoline engine and two propellers, all of their own design. (Horsepower is a unit of energy or work.)
On December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Orville Wright made the first flight on a craft that was engine-powered and heavier-than-air. He piloted the craft by lying in the middle of the lower wing. The craft flew 120 feet (37 meters) in 12 seconds. The brothers made three more flights that day, with Wilbur Wright completing the longest one—852 feet (260 meters)—in 59 seconds.
Sources: Giscard d'Estaing, Valerie-Anne, ed. Inventions and Discoveries 1993: What's Happened, What's Coming, What's That, p. 165; World Book Encyclopedia, vol. 1, pp. 211-12.
The name of the Wright Brothers Plane was called the Flyer.
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