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The anti-war movement had two main effects on American society.
First, the movement helped to erode support for the war. This led to a decrease in American involvement and the eventual withdrawal of US forces in 1973.
Second, the movement helped lead to a major split in American society. The anti-war movement was part of the broader counterculture that changed American society. It helped to create a split between Americans who believed in traditional moral values and traditional ideas of patriotism (Richard Nixon's "Silent Majority") and those who wanted to move to newer and more liberal ways. This split continues to affect American society today.
American society saw a complete change in its outlook due to the antiwar movement and the way the war was going for Americans. To fight a war on foreign soil the US committed a large force, the maintenance of which required a lot of capital. The draft system was introduced to build up the military force. It was observed that South Americans and Africans were given more combat duties compared to Caucasians. When the war started, Americans were supportive of the war, but the growing body count, increasing expense and the realization that war was being fought to overthrow a democratic government turned the public against the government and large-scale antiwar protests took place. This antiwar movement changed the perception of people towards the war and introduced them to more liberal ways of dealing with the situation (and refraining from fighting someone else's war at personal expense).
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