What was the Importance/significance of Theatre in Ancient Greek society?
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The Theatre of Ancient Greece, or ancient Greek drama, is a theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece between c. 550 and c. 220 BC. The city-state of Athens, which became a significant cultural, political and military power during this period, was its centre, where it was institutionalized as part of a festival called the Dionysian, which honoured the god Dionysus. Tragedy (late 6th century BC), comedy (486 BC), and the satyr play were the three dramatic genres to emerge there. Athens exported the festival to its numerous colonies and allies in order to promote a common cultural identity. Western theatre originated in Athens and its drama has had a significant and sustained impact on Western culture as a whole.
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Theatre in Ancient Greece was popularized in Athens around 550 B.C Theater was an important part of the cultural festival of Dionysian. Dionysus was the Greek god of grape harvest, and wine, and served as a symbol of pleasure and ecstasy within Greek culture. Theater was an important part of this festival, and represented its climax.
Greek theater served as an important tool by which cultural exchange could take place. Plays commonly referenced important, political, social, cultural and religious themes. They offered new views and asked thought provoking questions, and helped to form what we have come to know as the philosophical and moral base of Greek culture.
Doing so with the use of what were at the time novel theatric devices such as, costumes, masks, staging, acting, singing, and sarcasm.
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