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The main importance of the Battle of Bunker Hill was that it made it clear that the Revolution was going to be a long and drawn-out war that could not be easily ended.
This was the first pitched battle of the Revolution. The battles at Lexington and Concord had been mere skirmishes that would not have convinced the British that they were in for a long war. But Bunker Hill was different. This was a formal battle on open ground. The fact that the Americans held their own (they lost the battle in that they had to retreat, but they inflicted tremendous casualties on the British) showed that they would not be easily defeated even by the formidable British Army.
The Battle of Bunker Hill did not change the course of the war. It simply made clear that a war would happen and that it would be difficult for the British to win.
The battle of Bunker hill was among the first important battles that was waged for American independence. It was important because it was used as training ground for what was to come by the inexperienced American troops against the experienced British Army.
The battle also points to tactics that were used by a weaker force to outwit a superior force. This comes after the American troops built dirt walls which posed a major challenge for the British troops to breach. The walls also helped the American troops to successfully attack the British troops who were coming up the hill.
The dirt hill helped for a while but the Americans ran out of ammunition and were finally defeated by the British troops a victory that came at a great cost for the British. The American troops learnt that they needed enough firepower to support their tactics. This battle gave the American troops confidence that they would eventually win the war.
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