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What Was The Holy Roman Empire?

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enotes | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted October 9, 2011 at 4:00 PM via web

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What Was The Holy Roman Empire?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted October 3, 2012 at 9:56 PM (Answer #1)

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The Holy Roman Empire was an empire that existed mainly in Central Europe and was supposed to be an attempt to revive the old Roman Empire. 

Charlemagne is usually given credit for starting the Empire.  He built a large empire with Germany as its center.  He felt that he was the heir to the emperors of Rome.  However, his empire did not last very long as a true power in Europe.  It did last in one form or another for almost 1,000 years after Charlemagne, but it was never a dominant power.  By the end, it was a small collection of states, mostly in Germany, that had only a loose connection to one another.

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fact-finder | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted October 10, 2011 at 4:00 PM (Answer #1)

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The Holy Roman Empire (sometimes abbreviated H.R.E.) was a loose federation (alliance) of German and Italian states. It was originally formed on December 25 in A.D. 800, when Charlemagne (742–814; also known as Charles the Great) was crowned emperor of the Romans by Pope Leo III (c. 750–816). After Charlemagne's death, the empire went into decline and was not fully reinstated until Otto I (912–973) was crowned emperor. Although the empire was strongly associated with the Roman Catholic Church, the connection did not prevent disputes between emperors and popes, beginning in the mid-1100s. In 1250 Pope Innocent IV (d.1254) was successful in gaining independence from the empire for the Italian city-states (self-governing cities).

Later in the history of the Holy Roman Empire, the House of Habsburg rose to power. After the signing of the Peace of Westphalia (1648), which recognized the sovereignty (right to self-government) of all the states of the empire, the title of Holy Roman emperor was for the most in name only. With the exception of the period from 1740 to 1745, the Habsburgs continued to hold power until 1806, when Emperor Francis II (1768–1835) declared the end of the Holy Roman Empire.

Further Information: Frank, Isnard Wilhelm. A Concise History of the Medieval Church. New York: Continuum, 1995; "Holy Roman Empire." MSN Encarta. [Online] Available http://encarta.msn.com/find/Concise.asp?ti=01C5D000, October 20, 2000; Holy Roman Empire 936 A.D.–1517 A.D. [Online] Available http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Olympus/5011/holyrome.html, October 20, 2000.

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plshelpme | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted November 3, 2012 at 5:25 PM (Answer #3)

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The Holy Roman Empire was an empire that existed mainly in Central Europe and was supposed to be an attempt to revive the old Roman Empire. 

Charlemagne is usually given credit for starting the Empire.  He built a large empire with Germany as its center.  He felt that he was the heir to the emperors of Rome.  However, his empire did not last very long as a true power in Europe.  It did last in one form or another for almost 1,000 years after Charlemagne, but it was never a dominant power.  By the end, it was a small collection of states, mostly in Germany, that had only a loose connection to one another.

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