What various legends describe the origins of Rome?

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coachingcorner's profile pic

coachingcorner | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

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To explore the legend of Romulus and Remus and the founding of the city of Rome more fully, the myth goes that they were the sons of the god Mars.They gre up to found the city of Rome.Their mother was the only daughter of King Numitor. However, the king's brother took the throne by force and forced his brother's wife to become a 'Vestal Virgin.' He hoped that this way she would bear no children who could pose a threat as heirs. But, she was then 'taken by force' herself by the God Mars and became 'with child' or actually 'with children' as there were twins called Romulus and Remus. King Amulius wanted to drown them in the River Tiber but they survived, having beached up near a fig tree down river. A she-wolf, a wood-pecker and a shepherd raised them. Romulus grew up to kill his brother for mocking him,restore the throne and to found Rome.

pohnpei397's profile pic

pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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There are at least three major legends that describe the origins of Rome.

The most famous of these is, of course, the legend of Romulus and Remus.  According to this legend, these two twins were born of the union between a Vestal Virgin and the god Mars.  The twins were thrown into the river by their uncle the king, but were found and nurtured by a wolf.  They later took power and founded the city of Rome.

A second legend holds that Aeneas, the Trojan hero, founded the city.  He wandered around the Mediterannean after Troy lost its war with the Greeks.  He founded the city and named it after his son Romus.

Finally, there is a story that says that a man named Evander (sometimes described as the son of the god Hermes) moved his people to the site of Rome and founded the city there.

krishna-agrawala's profile pic

krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

There are no definite historical evidence about how Rome was founded. However there are some popular legends regarding the origin of Rome. The most popular of these legends is a Roman legend,according to which the the city of Rome was established on Palatine Hill in 753 B.C. by two brothers named Romulus and Remus. There is a Greek legend that says that the Trojan hero Aeneas founded a settlement in central Italy, after destruction of Troy by Greeks in the Trojan war. This settlement developed into Rome. There are many other legend that combine the two legends. For example one version says that Romulus and Remus were descendants of Aeneas.

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