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Voice is a term with several possible interpretations depending on what type of writing we are discussing. Essentially, this term helps us to describe the overall effect of a writer’s style and choice of sentence types (as these impact the reading experience).
In non-fiction (essays, journalism, etc.), voice will generally refer to tone of voice. Examples of tone of voice include academic/intellectual, casual/familiar, conversational, sarcastic/humorous, and reflective. Each of these types of voice can be tied to the writing’s purpose or intended effect.
In fiction, voice is often tied to style. If a writer uses brief, rapid sentences then she can be said to be have a clipped or staccato voice. There is overlap shared by voice in non-fiction and fiction, as we would see if a fiction writer used humor and sarcasm to create a humorous voice in a piece of fiction.
It could be passive, or active.
It could be written in first person, second person, or third.
It could be a youth's voice, or a child, or an adult etc.
The type of language used differentiates writers and their status in society.
... hopefully that helps, even though you probably already knew that! :)
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