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I think that one of the strongest effects that Steinbeck uses is to describe how compartmentalized Crooks' stable is. This helps to bring out how his life is one lived in isolation from others. The segmentation and compartmentalization that is a part of his living condition is reflective of how separated he is from others, helping to drive his own sense of loneliness. When Steinbeck uses the first two paragraphs of the chapter to describe the tools in his room, the overall sense of tidiness, as well as how there is a sanitized feel to the room, one in which medicines and ointments pervade, the effect is to show how Crooks feels about people. On one level, the effect brings out how Crooks does not trust individuals easily to let them into his own world, one in which order and a sense of control is the only response to a world where his lack of power denies both. At the same time, there is a controlled element in Crooks' world brought out in Steinbeck's description that displays a sense of hollowness and a sense of emptiness, one that is devoid of human contact. The overall effect seems to be that individuals cannot find human contact in a world that is controlled and perfectly ordered, reflecting how human emotions are absent.
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