Homework Help

In what type of compounds do polar/and nonpolar compounds dissolve in?

user profile pic

happyface22 | Student, Grade 11 | (Level 2) Honors

Posted March 20, 2011 at 4:35 AM via web

dislike 0 like

In what type of compounds do polar/and nonpolar compounds dissolve in?

1 Answer | Add Yours

Top Answer

user profile pic

justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted March 20, 2011 at 5:06 AM (Answer #1)

dislike 2 like

The basic rule to be followed in determining which solvents will dissolve a compound is "like dissolves like". Polar compounds dissolve in polar solvents due to the fact that when polar compounds are placed in the polar solvent the solvent particles interact with the charged particles and decrease the electric field around them.

Solvents interact with compounds that are dissolved in them in many ways which include the formation of hydrogen bonds, polarization and the moment created by dipoles.These help the solute to dissolve and hence their presence decides if the solute is able to dissolve.

Polar compounds like sugars, inorganic salts like NaCl can easily dissolve in a polar solvent like water. To dissolve non-polar compounds like waxes, oils, etc., non-polar solvents like benzene are ideal.

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes