What is the term of office for federal judges?
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In the United States, the term of office for federal judges is life during "good behavior." In other words, a federal judge, once approved by the Senate, can stay on the bench until he or she dies or decides to retire. The only exception to this rule is that judges can be impeached for "high crimes or misdemeanors." This is very, very rare.
The reasoning behind this term is that judges need life terms in order to be independent. If they could be easily removed by Congress or the President, they would tend to rule in ways that those people wanted. This would mean that they would not truly be a check/balance the way they are supposed to be.
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