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The National Organization for Women, founded in 1966, used political action, including lobbying politicians for changes in laws (B), to advance their goals.
Examples of the causes for which NOW worked in its early years include the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution and the effort to promote equal opportunity for women in the workplace. Its original Statement of Purpose states the goal is to
take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.
Contemporary issues with which NOW is concerned continue to focus on issues affecting women. Some of these are human rights for migrants and lesbians, access to health care for women and children, reproductive concerns and care needs, and continuing economic discrimination against women.
As with all multiple choice questions, I would consult a textbook or class notes for guidance. I think that the best answer here is letter B. The National Organization for Women became a political force with which leaders had to reckon. The organization asserted a political force by being so active socially and out in the community, ensuring that their voice is to be heard. With issues like abortion that became political, the National Organization for Women ensured that their voice was to be heard in this process. The organization demanded that the political process represent the voice of women, even if women themselves were not prominent in the political setting. The other choices featured do not accurately show what the organization was able to do. There was not a call for a gender separation and the leadership understood that violent protests would not help achieve legal and social equity for women. The element for strikes was not something that the organization immediately embraced in its infancy. Rather, the organization believed that achieving social and legal forms of equality would lay the groundwork for success in the economic realm. With all of this in mind, I would go for B as the best answer available.
The best of these answers is B. The National Organization for Women was mainly involved in electoral campaigning and in lobbying elected officials to support policies that NOW backed. The organization did get involved in things like mass marches and protests but was not noted for its violent protests.
NOW was formed in 1966 as a vehicle for women to pursue greater equality with men. Perhaps its most high-profile action was to back the Equal Rights Amendment, which came very close to being ratified in the 1970s. This sort of legal/political move was typical of the bulk of NOW's efforts to improve women's status in American society.
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