The symbolism in Ayn Rand's Anthrm revolves primarily around language and literature. The narrator only uses plural pronouns, such as "we," and "us," indicating that the singular personal pronouns of "me" and "I " are unknown to this population. This limited vocabulary symbolically reflects the limited political and social freedoms individuals in this society experience. In addition, there's lots of physical symbolism in the story. The narrator writes from withn a dark tunnel, reflecting the polical and cultural darkness of his society. Rand is echoing Plato's allegory of the cave: the man who resides mostly in the tunnel assumes that his own ignorance is universal. The narrators ignorance is cured when he finds and reads numerous old books and documents, including the U.S. declaration of Independance and several Greek myths. After this, he leaves the tunnel. This departure represents his exit from a life of ignorance and oppression.
Posted by jpope1
on January 26, 2012 at 7:37 AM (Answer #1)