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The dictionary defines a pun as: a phrase that deliberately exploits confusion between similar-sounding words for humorous effect. In simple words it means that the author or a story, poem, play, etc. uses words to create double meanings in his work. These "double meanings" are a play on words that is ususally meant to be a joke. You can find examples of puns in many literary works, however, William Shakespeare is probably the most well known author who regularly usues puns in his work. During the Elizabethan Era, when Shakespeare was writing, he used puns as a means of commenting on society without explicitly stating what he meant.
An example: In As You Like It, Shakespeare uses the words “to feign”, meaning to fake or pretend, and “to fain”, to desire or wish for something. He says “the truest poetry is the most feigning”.
Modern Examples can be more obvious:
"Don't worry about the world coming to an end today. It is already tomorrow in Australia."
"What happened when the cow tried to jump over a barbed wire fence? Udder destruction."
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