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Like the seven pedals found on pedal harps, the strings are named for the seven musical notes: A, B, C, D, E, F and G. They are divided into various octaves: The modern concert or pedal harp usually has between six and seven octaves ("46 or 47 strings") with each octave containing the seven musical notes. There are normally three octaves ranging below middle C and three-plus octaves found above middle C. On pedal harps, the tones can be adjusted to flat or sharp notes by depressing the various pedals; on lever harps, the lever is used to change the tone. Strings are usually colored for easier identification: C strings are red; F strings are black (or sometimes blue); while the other strings are white.
The strings are initially (before any pedals are activated) tuned to all flat pitches: that is, to the scale of C-flat major.
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