Why did the Renaissance start?
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The Renaissance was a cultural movement that started in Florence but spread throughout Europe. It started roughly in the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. It started at different times in different places so there isn't really a specific date that it started. There are many theories in relation to why it started in Florence but most scholars agree that it had to do with the wealth that was there at the time.
Renaissance means "rebirth" and people had a new found passion for learning and art. Europe had previously witnessed catastrophic events such as the Black Death and war between England and France. There was a lot of death and despair and people were ready for a revival.
The renaissance probably began due to two factors, the fall of Constantinople (the most advanced city in Europe) in 1453, which drove all her scholars westwards to escape the invading Turks.
And the sacking of the great Muslim cities of Moorsih Spain which allowed western Christians access to the vast knowledge of the Islamic empire (which included, in Arabic, all the works of the Greeks)
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