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What started the Cold War?Events that took place between the 1940's and 1950's

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noodles1213 | Student, Undergraduate | eNoter

Posted May 4, 2010 at 7:30 PM via web

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What started the Cold War?

Events that took place between the 1940's and 1950's

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted May 4, 2010 at 7:34 PM (Answer #2)

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The Cold War really did not start with any one event.  It was sort of a natural consequence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and World War II.

The Cold War started mainly because the United States did not trust communists and the USSR did not trust capitalists.  So there was no trust between the two countries.

Then, when WWII ended, the Soviet Union and the US were clearly going to be the two strongest countries for some time to come.  In addition, the Soviets were really worried about invasion from the west and so they wanted to dominate Eastern Europe.

When the Soviets did that, the US thought they were trying to dominate Europe and later the world.  When the US opposed Soviet domination of Eastern Europe, the Soviets thought the US was plotting to destroy them.

And so the Cold War began...

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brettd | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

Posted May 4, 2010 at 7:45 PM (Answer #3)

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A good working definition of the Cold War could go like this:

Competition between the Soviet Union and the United States over ideologies, through other countries, without direct armed conflict


As it became obvious that the Allies were going to win World War II, the "friendship" between the Russians and Americans began to fray.  Both countries started to jockey for position in a postwar world.  This emerging competition for control of foreign governments and systems, as well as resources, began the Cold War.

Armed communist rebellions began in Greece and Turkey in 1946.  The US shipped weapons to put down the rebellions.  The Soviet Union blockaded West Berlin in 1948, and the US responded with a year long airlift of supplies.  The Western powers formed the NATO alliance for self defense.  The Soviets responded with the Warsaw Pact.  In 1949, the USSR developed its first nuclear weapon.

No one of these events started the Cold War, but in combination and rapid succession, it was inevitable.

Events in the 1950s:

Korean War

Hydrogen Bomb and ICBMs developed

Guatemala intervention by the US

Hungarian Uprising crushed

Space race begins with Sputnik

Cuban communist revolution

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sfstudent | Student, Grade 9 | Honors

Posted May 4, 2010 at 8:27 PM (Answer #4)

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human started it, they started wars on eachother since a long time ago and it still happens today.

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krishna-agrawala | College Teacher | Valedictorian

Posted May 4, 2010 at 8:47 PM (Answer #5)

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Cold War refers to the intense rivalry that developed between groups of Communist and non-Communist nations after World War II (1939-1945).  The two groups were led by Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) on Communist side, and United States on the other side.

Beginnings of the Cold War can be traced back to to conditions and events even during the war. Though the need to defeat the Germans had made USSR a partner in the Allied forces from 1941 onwards, Stalin of USSR himself had displayed tendency towards trying to dominate the world, and use of dictatorial powers and military powers towards people of his own country as well as others.  Even during the Yalta Conference of 1945 toward the end of World War II, which marked the high point of wartime unity and goodwill between the Allies and the Soviet Union, Stalin displayed his determined to control the countries in Eastern Europe.

Thus under the outward display of unity some elements of distrust between USSR and other allied countries already existed. This disharmony between them came to surface when, after the war ended, Stalin of USSR refused to honour the Declaration on Liberated Europe, in which the Allies promised to hold democratic elections in the European countries liberated from war.

After the war, USSR cut off nearly all contacts between the West and the territories it controlled in Eastern Europe. Under the USSR influence,  by 1948 many countries like Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Albania, and Yugoslavia had Communist governments. There were other countries like Korea and Vietnam where struggles by different groups within the countries for political power were supported by outsiders in support and against communist governments.

The West led by USA, which had always been afraid of spread of communism, adopted a containment policy to hold back its expansion. In 1947, president Truman of USA announced a doctrine of resistance to Communist aggression which guaranteed American aid to all free nations resisting Communism.

In 1948, the Western Allies announced plans to unify their occupation zones in Germany and establish the German Federal Republic (West Germany). The Russian zone in Germany became the Communist-governed German Democratic Republic (East Germany).  Also the Soviet Union responded by blockading the German city of Berlin which was broken by a massive airlift program organized by allies.

In 1949, some countries in the non-communist block formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), a military alliance designed to defend West Germany and to prevent Soviet expansion.  On the other side, the U.S.S.R. also set up the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) in 1949. In this way the mistrust and confrontation went on being escalated.

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sonofateacher | Student, Undergraduate | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 4, 2010 at 10:52 PM (Answer #6)

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The added momentum of the two World Wars led to innovation after innovation bent on killing and controlling, which led to fascist ideals in some countries.  The power struggles in the wars led to the arms race post WWII between Russia and the US.  Russia would build an advanced technology and, US would build a simiar one only better, and so on.  Espianage became rampant between the US and Russia. Beating the Russians to the Moon caused the US to innovate so far ahead of the Russians that they would never catch up to us fully after that event.  They beat us into space however we beat em to the moon.  They won the first lap but we won the race.  Had our countries been at peace the lives of the Apollo I crew could have been saved, because the Russian space program had already dealt with the the Oxygen concentration problem that lead to the Apollo I disaster.

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lrwilliams | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

Posted May 8, 2010 at 5:24 AM (Answer #7)

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I would agree that one major cause of the cold war was a distrust of the Soviets by the United States and the same distrust of the United States from the Soviet Union. Add to this the arms race, race to space and other events and you have the cold war.

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litteacher8 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted August 18, 2011 at 10:31 AM (Answer #8)

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The Cold War began with the Industrial Revoluton. Karl Marx and others looked around them and did not like the greed they saw running amok. Marx wrote the Communisf Manifesto as a response to the society of the late nineteenth century. This led to the Russian Revolution, which led to the USSR and that's all she wrote. The US was very suspicious of communism.
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apilsapkota | Student, Grade 9 | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 22, 2012 at 10:53 PM (Answer #9)

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The Cold War really did not start with any one event.  It was sort of a natural consequence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 and World War II.

The Cold War started mainly because the United States did not trust communists and the USSR did not trust capitalists.  So there was no trust between the two countries.

Then, when WWII ended, the Soviet Union and the US were clearly going to be the two strongest countries for some time to come.  In addition, the Soviets were really worried about invasion from the west and so they wanted to dominate Eastern Europe.

When the Soviets did that, the US thought they were trying to dominate Europe and later the world.  When the US opposed Soviet domination of Eastern Europe, the Soviets thought the US was plotting to destroy them.

And so the Cold War began...

WOW!! Now that's what I call a perfect answer. I just copied the whole answer and cited it in my homework.

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