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What specific historical allusions is Huxley trying to make in Brave New World?
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- A.F. ("After Ford"): time is kept according to Henry Ford's assembly line technology.
- Bernard Marx: named after Karl Marx, a proponent of the socialist/communist state
- Lenina: named after Lenin, the cruel head of the U.S.S.R.
- Hemholtz Watson: "named by Huxley after John B. Watson, the founder of the Behaviorist School of psychology)"
- John: a "Noble Savage" based on the work of the Romantic writers (Rousseau) who said that:
- a person raised in a primitive world, away from western civilization, has a purity of heart that civilized people lack (although Huxley does not portray the primitive world as a paradise)
- Neo-Pavlovian conditioning: kids are negatively conditioned to hate books and nature using the methods of Ivan Pavlov's work with conditioning of dogs
- Caste system: loosely based on the Hindu Caste system which also has five levels (priest, warrior, merchant, artisan, outcast)
- Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy: a spoof on football which requires elaborate equipment and played in a large field.
- Soma: "an intoxicating drink prepared from a plant and used in Vedic ritual, believed to be the drink of the gods."
High School Teacher
Huxley takes the title of his novel Brave New World from Shakespeare's The Tempest:
"O wonder!...How many goodly creatures there are here!...How beauteous mankind is!...O brave new world that has such people in it!"
Names are also symbolic:
Posted by mstultz72 on August 18, 2011 at 12:39 AM (Answer #1)
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