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The speaker believes in the fulfillment of the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:3-11), particularly the first three, which are concerned with the poor in spirit, those that mourn, and the meek. Convinced of divine authority for economic and social justice, the speaker asserts (stanzas 4–6) that God, who “smiles on all” (line 13), shares the same pity with caring human beings. In stanza 7 the speaker expresses the idea that through becoming “an infant small,” God has shared the woe of human beings, and continues to feel their sorrow. Therefore, the speaker expresses confidence, in line 25, that God, the maker, is nearby when people weep and sigh, for He “doth sit by us and moan” with us, and will continue to do so until “our grief is fled & gone.” In short, the speaker’s view of humanity and of the involvement of God in human life confirm the idea that he firmly believes in God’s benevolence.
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