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The cardiovascular system is the myocardium and blood vessels. The questions that a nurse should ask this patient would depend on the exact nature of the problem that this patient is experiencing.
One example is a common disease called angina pectoris. Angina is true cardiac chest pain due to a decreased oxygen supply to the heart (myocardium). Angina results from ASCVD, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. ASCVD does have a genetic component but it is chiefly due to lifestyle: activity level (exercise) or the lack there of, diet (consumption of saturated fats can lead to heart disease), and smoking. A few questions that should be posed to a person of any age experiencing chest pain are: Is there a positive family history of cardiovascular disease? When did the pain start? Is the pain constant or does it come and go? Is shortness of breath also experienced with the pain? Is diaphoresis (profuse sweating) present with the pain? Is the pain present at rest or only upon exertion? Has the patient ever experienced this type of pain before?
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