What are some poetic devices in the poem "Good Times" by Lucille Clifton?

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jmj616 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

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"Good Times" is a short poem in which Lucille Clifton describes some of the simple pleasures of poor African-Americans in the middle part of the 20th century.

The poem consists of two stanzas, each containing eight lines.  Most of the lines contain between 5 and 7 syllables.  The exception to this is the last 2 lines of each stanza, which are a refrain:

good times
good times

In addition to the refrain, Clifton also uses repetition, or anaphora, in the second stanza:

and dancing in the kitchen
and singing in the kitchen

The poem's images are of simple pleasures at home.  This is enhanced by language that is simple and at times colloquial, such as, "the lights is back on," and "they is good times." 


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