What is some information on the Ancient Roman hill Caelian, also known as Caelius?
I already have the origin of the name (an Etruscan warrior named Caelius Vibenna) and some buildings that were there in ancient times.
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The Caelius Hill was one of the seven original hills. When Rome was first expanding, they conquered the nearby city of Alba Longa and forced the entire population of the town to resettle there. The hill received its name because the sixth king of Rome, Servius Tullius, named it after him to honor his prowess as a warrior. It might also have been because he established a settlement there prior to the relocation of Alba Longa.
The Hill was a fashionable residential district for some of the most wealthy people in the Republic. The lavish villas were filled with mosaics and murals, speaking to the wealth of the occupants.
The first book of Livy’s history of the founding of Rome. Check sections 28 and 29 for more info.
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