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I think that the quote from the so-called 'Lord of the Flies' itself encapsulates almost the whole theme of the novel in terms of man's capacity for evil, injustice and selfishness. The quote goes 'Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt or kill' - in other words the evil on the island, and in the 'beast' was right under the boys' very noses all the time - inside their hearts and personalities. William Golding is suggesting that the aesthetic aspirations that distinguish us from animals or 'beasts' is always close to being annihilated by our dual nature - the primeval part is an innate capacity for evil and injustice. Some of the noblest elements in humankind are the desire to look out for each other, to see that justice is done for the weak and the oppressed, and to carry those that cannot proceed alone. In the novel however, the only justice seems to be the survival of the fittest, or strongest.
Lord of the Flies is filled with many examples of justice. The boys are left to redefine justice while on the island. Here are some quotes that might help you explore the ideas of justice on the island:
"'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything.'" Chapter 2
"The world, that understandable and lawful world, was slipping away." Chapter 5
"Which is better--to have laws and agree, or to hunt and kill?" Chapter 11
Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy." Chapter 12
These quotes exemplify acts of justice and injustice in Lord of the Flies. Analyzing these quotes in context should help you present an argument that justice is a theme that runs throughout the story.
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