What is an example of satire in Aaristophanes' Lysistrata?
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The introductory passage of Lysistrata contains the first element of satire in Aristophanes' play. Lysistrata and Calonice are wittily discussing the absence of the neighboring groups of women who were summoned by Lysistrata to a council. The women are tardy in coming, in fact, Lysistrata seems to wonder if they will come at all: "But now there's not a woman to be seen." As the two women discuss the general nature of Lysistrata's urgent business, Lysistrata begins the satirical passage that wittily protests the vain and frivolous nature of women's mentality (making ancient women sound a lot like contemporary women in the process!). Lysistrata answers Calonice's question about why the other women haven't arrived by saying:
No man's connected with it;
If that was the case, they'd soon come fluttering along.
Lysistrata tells Calonice that her object is no less than rescuing Greece, "Greece saved by Woman!" to which Calonice replies that woman is a "Wretched thing, I'm sorry for it." Calonice then asks how the women can do such a thing. It is here that Aristophanes details a satirical criticism of the mentality of women of his day. Calonice says:
How could we do
Such a big wise deed? We women who dwell
Quietly adorning ourselves in a back-room
With gowns of lucid gold and gawdy toilets
Of stately silk and dainty little slippers....
The satire deepens as Lysistrata persuades Calonice that
These are the very armaments of the rescue.
These crocus-gowns, this outlay of the best myrrh,
Slippers, cosmetics dusting beauty, and robes
With rippling creases of light.
To each of Lysistrata's persuasive assertions, Calonice responds by satirically (and ironically) exclaiming that she will take up each of the items they have just disparaged:
No man will lift a lance against another--
I'll run to have my tunic dyed crocus.
Or take a shield--
I'll get a stately gown.
Or unscabbard a sword--
Let me buy a pair of slipper.
The point being made by Aristophanes through this opening satire is criticism of the way women lived in Aristophanes' time and of what they accomplished in or participated in in terms of aspects of the larger life of society. Of course, this satirical opening gambit is part of the larger point Aristophanes is making regarding the latent, potential, and realized powers of women.
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