What are some diseases caused by fungi?
8 Answers | Add Yours
Fungi exist as molds and yeasts. A fungal infection is called a mycosis, these can manifest as a local infection or a systemic infection.
A very common fungal infection is caused by a "yeast like fungus" called Candida Albicans. Candida is seen frequently in infants who are undergoing antibiotic therapy or who have just finished a course of antibiotic treatment. The fungus localizes in the oral cavity on the tongue. The tongue becomes white/gray, is inflammed and painful. This is commonly referred to as "thrush".
Another common fungal infection is "tinea capitis", this is ringworm of the scalp. It is a localized, self limiting fungus. Tinea pedis is athlete's foot or ringworm of the feet.
Ringworm is not a worm, but a common fungus infection of the skin. The fungus (often one called
Microsporum) does not invade living.
causes athlete’s foot in humans – usually in the web area between toes – and is common in shoewearing people because it’s favoured by warm, humid conditions. It can also affect the hand and other areas of the body, and here is attacking toe-nails.
skin ulcers blastomycosis (caused by
Blastomyces dermatidis). The disease starts in the lungs when spores are inhaled, and then spreads to other organs.
Diseases caused by fungi tend to be in areas that are easily reached by things in the environment; they are found on the skin, in the lungs, in the ears. Fungal diseases that affect internal organs are quite serious, and can be fatal.
Fungal diseases are called mycoses. The one most commonly found throughout the world is sporotrichosis; it is found in the soil, and infects farmers and gardeners. Other fungi can cause ringworm, athlete's foot, valley fever, and histoplasmosis. I've attached a link that details the types of fungi that cause disease, and the diseases and treatments available.
There are many diseases caused by fungi. Many times fungi are inhaled and can impact the lungs or get into the blood stream. Below is a list of some of them.
- Coccidioidomycosis-is caused by Coccidioides immitis, this spore is typically found in desert areas of the US southwest. This is also known as California disease and Desert rheumatism. The illness present with mild flu-like symptoms and rashes.
- Histoplasmosis-is caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum, it is found in soil fertilized by bat droppings. It is most prevalent in the Ohio River and Mississippi Valley. This illness is also known as Cave disease and Darling's disease. The illness presents with flu-like symptoms and can resemble tuberculosis.
- Blastomycosis-is caused by the fungus Blastomycoses dermatitidis, It grows in soil as a mold producing conidia. This illness is also known as North American blastomycosis, Blastomycetic dermatitis, and Gilchrist's disease. It presents with flu-like symptoms resembling bacterial pneumonia.
Fungi is a form of infecting parasite. They can be hostile to plants, animals and humans and can produce disease in many ways. Skin irritants are most common and something that every person has experienced, dandruff, is caused by a fungal infection.
Invasive infections caused by fungai are more extreme and can even be life-threatening. A person who inhales dust particles contaminated with mold spores from fungi can have an autoimmune response of lung inflammation. This inflammation can lead to chronic disease if the fungi continues to reproduce in the lungs and move to other organs. These types of infections are very difficult to diagnose.
The substance ergot is produced from toxigenic molds. Ingestion of contaminated rye, grains and other grasses causes ergotism. There are two types of ergotism derived from fungi. The first, known as gangrenous, affects the gastrointestinal track as well as the outer extremities. The second, convulsive ergotism, affects the brain and nervous system leading to spinal lesions, mental disabilities and even death.
Fungal diseases are called mycoses. The mycoses that affect humans are divided into 4 categories, relating to penetration of the body.
- Superficial mycoses are caused by fungi that only affect the surface of the skin or hair.
- Cutaneous mycoses (dermatomycoses) are caused by fungi that affect only the superficial layers of the skin, nails, or hair. Some example of are ringworm and athletes foot.
- Subcutaneous mycoses are caused by fungi that penetrate below the skin and involve subcutaneous, connective, and bone tissues. An example is sporotrichosis.
- Systemic mycoses (deep mycoses) are very dangerous and attack internal organs. It can often be deadly. An example is Coccidioidomycosis, commonly known as Valley Fever.
Fungi cause many kinds of diseases in plants and animals. Diseases in humans caused by fungus infection range from skin disorders to serious illness
Fungal diseases like blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, and candidiasis in humans often attack the lungs. Thrush, a fungal disease of the throat, is found mainly in infants. Fungi also can cause brain inflammations and a lung disease called histoplasmosis. Tinea (ringworm) affects parts of the skin.
Fungus is neither a plant or an animal. They get their food by absorbing nutrients from their surroundings. Human feet have 100's of fungi.
Some diseases caused by fungi would be :
Join to answer this question
Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.Join eNotes