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Ralph prefers to lead in a way that mimics how grownups would behave. He hopes that this will give the "young'uns" a sense of security and would maximize their changes of being rescued. His three priorities are a signal fire, hunting, and shelter. He was elected democratically, and if he has any leadership flaws it would be his tendency to give his followers too much choice.
Jack leads by force and reward. He bullies and bribes people into following him. Typically everyone succumbs to one or the other. He creates a more primal, barbaric sort of sociey in which the boys paint their faces and dance around the fire. Fun and meat are priority, not a signal fire. One gets the impression that Jack may not even want to be rescued.
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