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What are some advantages and disadvantages of immigration?

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licia1215 | Student, Grade 11 | eNotes Newbie

Posted May 31, 2011 at 7:19 AM via web

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What are some advantages and disadvantages of immigration?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted May 31, 2011 at 8:33 AM (Answer #2)

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The major advantage is that the country gets new and usually very motivated workers.  Depending on the country's policies, it can get people who are needed for specific kinds of jobs (Australia and Canada both do this more than the US).  Getting new workers can really help a country expand its economy, especially if it is a country whose natives are aging.

One downside of immigration is that it can dilute a country's cultural identity.  This, for example, is why Japan is very opposed to immigration even though it really needs new workers as its population ages.  "Too much" immigration can make it so that the immigrants' culture changes the native culture more than the natives are willing to have happen.

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mwestwood | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

Posted May 31, 2011 at 11:50 AM (Answer #3)

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When the United States was a great industrial nation that was underpopulated, immigrants came from Western and Eastern Europe to work in steel mills, factories, on railroads, etc.  Many earned enough money to buy homes and contribute to the economy after becoming citizens. There was no welfare in the early 1900s, so they placed no drain upon the government. 

Nowadays, there is little that is manufactured in the United States.  So, many of the immigrants who come to work in the U.S. work at lower paying jobs rather than ones that will elevate them economically.  Often these immigrants are not citizens, so they deduct for their dependents, then return to their country without contributing much to the American economy.  Another serious problem with immigration into the U. S. is that much of it is illegal.  Some illegal immigrants are involved in illicit activities, others join terrorist groups; many drain the economy of a state rather than contribute as they reproduce and obtain free health care and food and education.  California today is an example of a state in tremendous debt chiefly because of so many illegal immigrants.

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ask996 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Senior Educator

Posted May 31, 2011 at 10:40 PM (Answer #4)

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I agree that two of the major problems with immigration are that the immigrants cultural and national identity are diluted, and much of it is illegal. This means that the illegal immigrants are working for lower wages. However, in many areas, these immigrants are probably working at jobs that legal citizens deem beneath them.

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bullgatortail | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted June 1, 2011 at 2:18 AM (Answer #5)

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I especially agree with mswestwood's comments about the down side of illegal immigration. However, sometimes immigrant workers contribute greatly to the local economy. I was born in an area of Central Florida where more fern is grown than anywhere in the world. My father owned a fernery (fern nursery), and he found it difficult to hire workers for the back-breaking work. Fern cutters must squat and bend low to the ground in order to cut the plant just above the roots, and very few laborers were willing to do the work. However, an influx of Mexican workers, willing to work at minimum (or near minimum) wage, has kept the industry booming. Thousands of Mexican workers now live in this area (roughly in a 40 mile stretch between Crescent City and DeLand), and the fern industry has grown appreciably since the 1970s. It is one of the top money-makers in this area, and the mostly-Mexican work force has proven to be industrious and free from the criminal activities that often come with low-income immigration. 

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lrwilliams | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator

Posted June 4, 2011 at 11:47 PM (Answer #6)

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Another advantage of immigration is that it gives us the opportunity to experience different cultures and learn about other countries from these immigrants. I have noticed in schools that the lessons learned by the "native students" from the immigrant students are often very valuable.

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litteacher8 | Middle School Teacher | (Level 1) Distinguished Educator

Posted July 7, 2011 at 6:14 PM (Answer #7)

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I am not sure if you are referring to the advantage and disadvantage for society of for the individual. For the individual, there are more opportunities. More jobs, religious freedom, better living conditions and social programs are all reasons people immigrate. It is to the advantage of a country to have immigration because people with new skills can integrate in and make the society stronger.
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shizza123 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted July 21, 2011 at 9:15 AM (Answer #8)

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you get to experience new things

 

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shizza123 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted July 21, 2011 at 9:15 AM (Answer #9)

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If it is a better country, your life is set!!

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shizza123 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted July 21, 2011 at 9:17 AM (Answer #10)

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it might be hard to adjust, though.... :( new culture.... new styles, new behaviours.....

 

you might even start disliking your own country as u get used to the better things....

you might lose some of your cultural habits and ways of doing things....

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shizza123 | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

Posted July 21, 2011 at 9:18 AM (Answer #11)

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young children might forget their native language... that would be sad....

people might not get jobs..... :(

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stephanie-ella-darcy | Student | eNotes Newbie

Posted July 17, 2012 at 7:18 AM (Answer #12)

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language- you might go to a country where they speak different languages from you

money- might no have enough

home- hadnt bought 1 yet

 

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