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What are the similarities of Birmingham campaign, Montgomery Bus Boycott: campaigns for...

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maria222 | Student, Undergraduate | Honors

Posted June 3, 2012 at 1:23 PM via web

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What are the similarities of Birmingham campaign, Montgomery Bus Boycott: campaigns for peace made by Martin Luther King Jr.?

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rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted June 3, 2012 at 3:36 PM (Answer #1)

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Both campaigns involved Martin Luther King's leadership. He emerged as a leader in the bus boycotts, and was asked to come organize the Birmingham campaign by Fred Shuttlesworth. Both were based on non-violent resistance to Jim Crow, though the boycotts involved less direct civil disobedience. Both were received with violence by some area whites. King's house was firebombed in Montgomery, along with many other acts of violence, and the brutality of the police against peaceful marchers in Birmingham has become a notorious symbol of white resistance to the civil rights movement. Both received national attention, which was certainly the goal of the Birmingham organizers, in particular. 

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