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What are the similarities between Truman and Eisenhower's foreign policies during the...
Topic: Cold War (1945–91)
What are the similarities between Truman and Eisenhower's foreign policies during the Cold War?
I am writing a compare/contrast essay on Eisenhower and Truman's Foreign Policies and I can find plenty of differences but not many similiarites- and I have to have an entire paragraph to just similarities.
I was thinking about Eisenhower's policy of rollback was not so different from Truman's containment as he didn't, in actuality, "rollback" the Soviets.
So I just want some similarities, Thanks!
1 Answer | add yours
What you have said here is exactly correct. Truman and Eisenhower might have sounded different rhetorically, but their actual actions were not all that dissimilar.
As you say, Eisenhower only talked about rolling back communism. He did not actually take any action to try to destroy it where it was already firmly embedded. You could claim that his actions in Iran and Guatemala constituted rollback, but you could also say they were no different than what the Truman Doctrine promised to do. In either case, Eisenhower never tried to do anything about any of the "real" communist countries. The perfect example of this is his inaction during the Hungarian revolt in 1956.
Eisenhower also talked about massive retaliation and getting "more bang for the buck." But this was clearly impractical. It was under Eisenhower that we first took responsibility for South Vietnam. Eisenhower's actions there were certainly based on containment and had nothing to do with massive retaliation.
So, Eisenhower talked about rollback and massive retaliation, but what he actually did seems much more like containment using conventional military forces.
Posted by pohnpei397 on April 26, 2012 at 9:24 PM (Answer #1)
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