In The Sun Also Rises, what is the significance of the title?
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This novel began as a short story titled Cayetano Ordonez, "Nino de la Palma" and focused on a corrupt bullfighter. When Hemingway expanded the story into a novel, he first chose to title it Fiesta: A Novel. While the manuscript was in the publication process, it was decided to change the title once again, and Hemingway settled on The Sun Also Rises. He chose this title in order to "emphasize the optimistic idea of progress of life's cycle." Interestingly, British editions of the novel continued to use the title Fiesta.
See the article "Circularity in The Sun Also Rises" for more on the idea of circularity or cycles--as in the sun rising--in the novel. I've pasted the link below.
"The sun also rises" (taken from the old testament) means that whatever we do and whatever importance certain events in our lives may have, there is always a tomorrow. The world keeps turning despite our personal losses and victories, we are unimportant.
"Fiesta" is the festival which acts as a catalyst for the group's anxieties and uncertainties and means for Jake that he loses even more - in the war he lost physical manliness, because of the fiesta he loses his love for Brett, his respect he earned in Pamplona among the aficionados and he loses part of his identity.
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