what is the significance of the title of the story
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"Lord of the Flies" refers literally to the rotting sow's head on a stick. The pig is the boy's first kill, and it is at this time that they show their animalistic traits, such as by eating the meat raw and gnawing on it like wolves. The head is offered as a trophy to the imaginary beast the boys believe is lurking on the island. Later, when Simon interrupts the reenactment of the pig hunt, he is mistaken for the beast and killed. But all of this gets to the point of the symbolism of that title, for "lord of the flies" is a renaming of Beelzebub, which denotes the principle of evil personified: the Devil or Satan. Golding equates the Lord of the Flies with the demonic force latent in human kind, a force so hideous that a sow's head with fly-covered excrement would be the best way to represent it.
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