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Orwell was inspired to write this novel by the Russian Revolution. He was upset that this revolution resulted in a totalitarian state, which means that the government is being run by one person. Orwell wanted a people's republic, which means that each person has a voice in politics, and that the citizens are protected from having one person take total control. Therefore, Orwell has each of the animals participate in politics because he is demonstrating the importance of a republic-type government and the danger of a totalitarian type government.
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