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At the boys' second tribal meeting, Jack, Simon, and Ralph reveal to the boys that they are stranded on an uninhabited island. Ralph determines:
"There aren't any grownups. We shall have to look after ourselves" (33).
As the newly elected chief of the island, Ralph takes it upon himself to establish order among the boys with these few, but important, rules:
1. Institution of the Conch. The conch shall be used at meetings like raising one's hand and waiting for a turn to speak. The holder of the Conch cannot be interrupted.
2. The Signal Fire. Ralph orders that a fire must be kept going on the mountain at all times in the hope that a passing ship might see the smoke and rescue them. Jack volunteers the hunters to maintain the fire.
Ralph implements these first two rules at the second meeting. Then at the mention of building a fire, all of the boys rush up the mountain. Ralph later sees the need to add the following:
3. The Lavatory. Use the rocks past the bathing pool as a lavatory. Ralph prohibits using the bathroom by the fruit trees.
4. The Fire, part II. Ralph also establishes the mountain as the only place allowed for lighting a fire.
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