What is the role of the Supreme Court in protecting civil liberties?

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The Supreme Court plays an important part in protecting civil liberties. The Court is the institution that can overturn acts of the elected branches if it believes that these acts violate the Constitution.  In this capacity, the Court can try to prevent the elected branches from violating civil liberties.  An example of this occurred in Boumediene v. Bush, for example, when the Court struck down laws that suspended the right to habeas corpus for people who were deemed to be unlawful combatants in the war on terror.  When the Supreme Court takes actions like this, it is (arguably) fulfilling its role as a protector of civil liberties.


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