What is the relationship between the narrator and the old man in "The Tell-tale Heart"?
My English teacher is convinced that the narrator is the old man's servant, but her explanation why is not very clear, so I'm not so sure. What do you think?
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The narrator does say that he loves the old man.
Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man. He had never wronged me. He had never
given me insult. (p. 4)
However, the narrator is not quite sane. He may have liked his roommate's company, but he killed him all the same.
There is no evidence that the narrator is the old man’s servant, other than the fact that the old man had gold.
For his gold I had no desire. I think it was his eye! yes, it was this! He had the eye of a vulture—a pale blue eye, with a film over it. (p. 4)
This does not imply that the narrator was his servant. They seem to be roommates. The old man seems somewhat afraid of the narrator, and if he was his servant wouldn’t he have fired him?
I had my head in, and was about to open the lantern, when my thumb slipped upon the tin fastening, and the old man sprang up in bed, crying out—“Who's there?” (p. 4)
I think if he had a servant in the house, he would have reacted differently. He might have called his servant, for example, or asked if it was him and ordered him out.
When the police come, the narrator does not introduce himself as a servant. He says that the old man is not there, but that does not imply that he works for the old man
The old man, I mentioned, was absent in the country. I took my visitors all over the house. I bade them search—search well. I led them, at length, to his chamber. I showed them his treasures, secure, undisturbed. (ch 6)
It is fine to propose theories and look for evidence to support them. There is no evidence to suggest that the narrator was not his servant, perhaps, but there is also none to suggest that he was.
It seems that could be your teachers interpretation. As in the Tell-Tale Heart, there are no pronouns to tell gender nor any explaination as to why the narrator and the old man live together. Though it is generally assumed that the narrator is indeed a man, without a more clear explaination in the writing it self, we cannot even be sure of that. Any determination of gender or role is a readers interpretation.
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