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There are many problems faced by sociologists. Let us look at two types of problems.
First, there is the problem of obtaining good data about certain conditions. For example, if a person wants to study the sociology of education, it is very difficult to quantify such things as good education or good teaching. Therefore, it is hard to study things objectively.
Second, there is the problem of determining any kind of causal relationships in human society. It is very difficult for us to know for sure what factors cause various human conditions. If we study poverty, for example, there is no way for us to determine with certainty whether economic conditions (such as globalization) cause poverty or whether it is the culture of the poor that make them and their descendants remain in poverty. The fact that we cannot truly determine causality is a major problem for sociologists.
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