Happy Endings Margaret Atwood

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carol-davis | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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“Happy Endings” by Margaret Atwood is an example of metafiction. This is a fiction story that refers to or takes as its subject fictional writing and its conventions.  The author at the same time displays her feelings about creative writing, and then she uses her scenes to comment on living life to its fullest. 

Atwood presents six scenarios all with the same characters. Each of the scenes provides the same conclusion. The characters die in the end. The author cleverly presents different plots for the stories.  Her characters are flat and only caricatures of reality, and her  tone is somewhat satirical and sarcastic. 

These scenarios are metaphors for life.  Each scene portrays a different approach to life.  Scene A is the perfect life.  In the other scenes, the characters face challenges which cause them to act in a certain way. 

John and Mary meet. 

What happens next?

If you want a happy ending, try A.

They live, they age, and they die.  Other than the names of the characters, the only similarity to each scene is that everyone knows the end of the story: the characters die.  It is the beginning and the middle parts of the story that contain the interesting aspects.  Again, Atwood uses these parts of the story as a metaphor for the beginning of adulthood and the journey they have in the rest of their lives.

The plot is the important part of the story.  According to Atwood, this is what makes the story interesting:

That’s about all that can be said for plots, which anyway are just one thing after another, a what and a what and a what.

It is how the person gets to the end of his life that counts.  Atwood has two messages: It is the journey of life that matters and what a writer should and should not do in writing a story.

What is the message for the fiction writer? That plot is the real blueprint of the story. Atwood uses irony to show the importance of an organized plot in a short story by writing a short story in which an organized plot does not exist. The plot should always be the focal point of a short story because the plot of the story may alter the conclusion of the story. 

Atwood teaches the short story writer not to dwell or focus on the ending of the story. Atwood illustrates the effectiveness of voice and style in short story writing with her use of irony.  Atwood uses verbal irony by the way she explains the lives of her characters.


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