What are Physical Jerks and Doublethink and why are they used?

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amymc | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Associate Educator

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The Physical Jerks are a series of exercise routines required for members of the Outer Party.  The telescreen monitors each individual's participation and criticizes them by name if they are not performing the movies correctly.  This happens to Winston as he is attempting to exercise.

The Physical Jerks are just another way to show how pervasive Big Brother is and how the individuals in this society are ALWAYS being watched for any sign of deviation.  It also shows the society's need to control every moment of the day so that people will not be alone and have time to actually think.

Doublethink is the necessary ability to hold two contradictory thoughts in one's head and believe them both to be true.  Winston even notes that it requires doublethink to understand doublethink. 

Basically, doublethink is a way of survival.  If a person is not able to believe wholly what Big Brother says even in the face of contradictory information.  Winston himself is required to change history on a daily basis and believe each new item.  It is a way to control the minds of the people in society.

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