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In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, what personal grief does Brutus relate to Cassius? How...

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lindadee | eNotes Newbie

Posted February 26, 2013 at 12:04 AM via iOS

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In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, what personal grief does Brutus relate to Cassius? How does this news affect Cassius?

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carol-davis | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted February 26, 2013 at 4:42 AM (Answer #1)

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In Act IV, Scene iii of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, Cassius and Brutus, the assassins who are still living,  have formed their armies and are preparing to meet the triumvirate of Marc Antony, Octavius Caesar, and Lepidus in battle.  This is 44 B. C. and the scene takes place in Brutus’s camp near Sardis.

Both Cassius and Brutus are angry with each other.  Cassius failed to send money to Brutus so that he could pay his soldiers.  Cassius also has been accused of taking bribes using his official office.  Brutus sentenced one of Cassius’s friends to death for taking bribes as well.  There is a terrible quarrel between the two. 

They call each other names and threaten the other with weapons.  Brutus reminds Cassius that they killed Caesar because of his ambition.  How then could Cassius take bribery money? Cassius offers his dagger for Brutus to kill him.  Brutus suddenly seems to have no more anger with which to argue.  Both men apologize.  They shake hands and drink wine together.  Cassius tells Brutus that he has never seen him so angry.   

 

Ieen under emotional stress. Brutus shares with Cassius the real reason that he is so upset. He has received word that his beloved wife Portia has committed suicide.

Impatient of my absence,
And grief that young Octavius with Marc Antony
Have made themselves so strong: for with her death
That tidings came: with this she fell distract
And her attendant absent, swallow’d fire.

In other words, Portia swallowed a hot coal which burned her throat, and she suffocated to death. 

When last Brutus spoke to Portia, he told her that he would explain what the secret was in which he had worrying and struggling. He was not able to since the conspirators came and took him to the Capitol.   

This would have been a good thing for Brutus since Portia might have been able to give him the needed reflection and discussion about the assassination to prevent Brutus from entering into it. By the time he returns home, Brutus has to hurriedly leave Rome for fear that the mob would kill him. 

Portia had also been suffering emotionally.  The year before the assassination of Caesar Portia and Brutus had lost their only child.  Portia probably had experienced great emotional distress from this loss. In addition, Portia knew that Brutus was going to face the new triumvirate in battle. 

Cassius also reacts with great sorrow to the death of Portia.  Cassius and Brutus were brothers-in-law.  Cassius married Junia Tertia, the sister of Brutus; therefore,  Cassius considered himself a member of Brutus’s family. 

When the other senior soldiers come in to assist in the planning of the battle, Messala enters with news from Rome.  He first shares the news that the triumvirate of Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus had murdered a hundred senators.  In addition, Messala shares the news that Portia is dead. 

Brutus was a stoic who did not easily share his emotions, not even with his wife.  He depended on his logic and reasoning to guide him.  Of course, the loss of Portia was devastating to him.  There was nothing to do for her. Brutus had to go on and plan the battle against Antony and Octavius.

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