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What is period of sin and cos functions? Explain pls!

greenbel | Honors

Posted August 3, 2013 at 2:37 PM via web

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What is period of sin and cos functions? Explain pls!

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sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted August 3, 2013 at 3:02 PM (Answer #1)

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Since the sine and cosine functions repeat its values over an interval of length `2pi` , hence the period of these trigonometric functions is `T = 2pi` , such that:

`f(x + 2pi) = f(x)`

Considering the sine function, `f(x) = sin x` , you may prove that `f(x + 2pi) = f(x)` , such that:

`f(x + 2pi) = sin (x + 2pi) => f(x + 2pi) = sin x*cos 2pi + sin 2pi*cos x`

Since `cos 2pi = 1` and `sin 2pi = 0` yields:

`f(x + 2pi) = sin x = f(x)`

Hence, evaluating `f(x + 2pi)` yields an equal value to the value of `f(x)` .

Considering the cosine function, `f(x) = cos x,` you may prove that `f(x + 2pi) = f(x)` , such that:

`f(x + 2pi) = cos (x + 2pi) => f(x + 2pi) = cos x*cos 2pi - sin 2pi*sin x`

`f(x + 2pi) = cos x = f(x)`

Hence, evaluating `f(x + 2pi)` yields an equal value to the value of `f(x)` .

Hence, evaluating the period of both trigonometric functions sine and cosine, yields `T = 2pi.`

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