Homework Help

Calculate the two-sided p-value 2P(t>3.21) where t is a t statistic

user profile pic

jenny321 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 3) Honors

Posted March 14, 2012 at 4:02 PM via web

dislike 1 like

Calculate the two-sided p-value 2P(t>3.21) where t is a t statistic

1 Answer | Add Yours

user profile pic

mathsworkmusic | (Level 1) Educator

Posted April 28, 2013 at 5:13 PM (Answer #1)

dislike 1 like

t represents a t-statistic. This will usually be of the form (observation-expected value under null)/estimated sd.

With the t-distribution the number of degrees of freedom is important when calculating the p-value. The number of degrees of freedom is equal to n minus the number of free parameters in the statistic (ie the number being estimated). This will be n-1 for a one-sample test, since we are estimating just one mean.

Suppose the sample size is n=20 for example. For a one-sample test, the number of degrees of freedom is then 19. Then, using lookup tables,

P(t>3.21|df = 19) = 0.00230

Therefore, 2P(t>3.21|df = 19) = 0.00461

Since we are considering the two tails of the t-distribution, this is a two-sided test. The null (that the true mean is equal to some pre-specified value) is rejected at the 0.005 x 100 = 1/2 % level since the two-sided p-value is less than 0.005.

 

 

Join to answer this question

Join a community of thousands of dedicated teachers and students.

Join eNotes